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AICPA考点:Qualified Business Income V

来源: jdb财神捕鱼pc版 编辑:00LilGhost 2021/04/02 18:00:33 字体:

成功的人是跟别人学习经验,失败的人只跟自己学习经验。今天,小编带大家梳理AICPA考点:Qualified Business Income V。大家过来看一看吧~

AICPA考点:Qualified Business Income V

Qualified Business Income V

按照taxpayer的收入多少,Section 199A Qualified Business Income Deduction有不同的计算方法,根据 taxable income和the W-2 wage, 还有 property limitation, taxpayers可分为 three categories:

Category 3: Taxpayers with taxable income between $163,300 and $213,300 (single or head of household) or $326,600 and $426,600 (MFJ) (2020)/个人收入在$163,300 和 $213,300之间

If SSTB → QBI, W-2 wages, and qualified property amounts are reduced, then phase-in of W-2 wage and property limitation using reduced amounts

Example 6 SSTB With Taxable Income Between $163,300 and $213,300

Facts: A taxpayer filing single has the following: 

Taxable income before QBI deduction = $205,800 

Net capital gains = $0 QBI = $100,000 

Taxpayer's share of SSTB's W-2 wages = $30,000 

SSTB's qualified property = $0 

Required: Calculate the Section 199A QBI deduction.

解析:本题Taxable income $205,800介于$163,300 and $213,300之间,属于第3种情况,这种情况是QBI, W-2 wages, and qualified property amounts are reduced, 且Phase-in of W-2 wage and property limitation,即不完全受限于。

首先根据taxable income大于threshold的部分和phase in range 50,000($213,300-$163,300)的比计算Phase-in percentage。从而得出SSTB applicable percentage。

然后计算SSTB applicable percentage计算reduced QBI 和reduced W-2 wages从而得出 Tentative 20% QBI deduction和W-2 wage and property limitation。

然后计算Tentative 20% QBI deduction 超过W-2 wage and property limitation的部分excess amount.

那么excess amount 的Phase-in percentage就是Tentative 20% QBI deduction不能抵扣的部分,即Reduction amount。

Tentative 20% QBI deduction扣除Reduction amount,再和overall limit比较,得出Section 199A QBI deduction

Solution:

Phase-in percentage: 

Taxable income (before QBI deduction):              $205,800 

– Threshold amount (single)                             <163,300> 

Taxable income into the phase-in range               $42,500 

÷ Phase-in range (single)                                   ÷50,000 

Phase-in percentage /Forfeited percentage:             85% 

SSTB applicable percentage                          15% 

Reduced QBI= $100,000 QBI × 15% SSTB applicable percentage

Reduced W-2 wages=$30,000 W-2 wages × 15% SSTB applicable percentage

Tentative QBI deduction = $100,000 QBI × 15% SSTB applicable percentage × 20% = $3,000

W-2 wage and property limitation: $30,000 W-2 wages × 15% SSTB applicable percentage × 50% = $2,250 

Excess amount: $3,000- $2,250 = $ 750 

Reduction amount : 85% phase out × $ 750 = $637.50 

QBI deduction = $3,000 − $637.50 = $2,362.50 

Overall limit = $205,800 taxable income × 20% = $41,160, so not limited by the overall limit 

Section 199A QBI deduction = $2,362.50

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